Artificial intelligence (also referred to as AI) refers to the intellectual and reasoning capacity of complex machines. An artificial intelligence has the ability to modify its own programming based upon logical analysis in accordance with a preset series of parameters. Depending upon the complexity and functional capabilities of the AI in question, some artificial intelligences develop reasoning far beyond their initial programming and may even achieve partial sentience. This is a common storytelling trope in many sci-fi vehicles and has been used to illustrate a cautionary tale of humanity’s dependence on technology. Sentient or “rogue” artificial intelligences have been seen in films such as 2001: A Space Odyssey, Artificial Intelligence: AI, Star Trek: The Motion Picture and Terminator.
(See Also: Films with artificial intelligences; Programs with artificial intelligences)
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